Nude, c.1912 by Amedeo Modigliani, The Courtauld Gallery, London.
Modigliani's life was short and filled with excesses. Excessive competition, excessive love, excessive drink and excessive talent. He and Picasso were great rivals and both were strongly influenced by Cezanne and African art. Some think Modigliani incorporated these influences into his work with more subtlety than Picasso.